Africa Human Development Report 2012: Towards a Food Secure Future
Published on 15 May 2012
Document Summary
The 2012 Human Development Report for Africa explores why dehumanizing hunger remains pervasive in the region, despite abundant agricultural resources, a favorable growing climate, and rapid economic growth rates. It also emphasizes that food security – the ability to consistently acquire enough calories and nutrients for a healthy and productive life - is essential for human development.  
To boost food security, it argues for action in four interrelated areas: agricultural productivity, nutrition, access to food, and empowerment of the rural poor. It asserts that increasing agricultural productivity in sustainable ways can bolster food production and economic opportunities, thereby improving food availability and increasing purchasing power. Effective nutrition policies can create conditions for the proper use and absorption of calories and nutrients. Finally, empowering the rural poor - especially women - and harnessing the power of information, innovation, and markets can promote equitable allocation of food and resources within families and across communities.
Highlights
Sub-Saharan Africa’s population, 856 million in 2010, is projected to exceed 2 billion shortly after 2050.
More than one in four Africans - close to 218 million people - is undernourished.
Two major biases – towards towns rather than rural areas and towards men, not women – have been principal factors in explaining Africa’s food insecurity.
African governments spend between 5-10% of their budgets on agriculture, well below the 20% average that Asian governments devoted to the sector during the green revolution there.
Women are significant food producers, but their control of land in sub-Saharan Africa is less than in any other region.
@undp

Africa Human Development Report 2012: Towards a Food Secure Future

Published on 15 May 2012

Document Summary

The 2012 Human Development Report for Africa explores why dehumanizing hunger remains pervasive in the region, despite abundant agricultural resources, a favorable growing climate, and rapid economic growth rates. It also emphasizes that food security – the ability to consistently acquire enough calories and nutrients for a healthy and productive life - is essential for human development.  

To boost food security, it argues for action in four interrelated areas: agricultural productivity, nutrition, access to food, and empowerment of the rural poor. It asserts that increasing agricultural productivity in sustainable ways can bolster food production and economic opportunities, thereby improving food availability and increasing purchasing power. Effective nutrition policies can create conditions for the proper use and absorption of calories and nutrients. Finally, empowering the rural poor - especially women - and harnessing the power of information, innovation, and markets can promote equitable allocation of food and resources within families and across communities.

Highlights

  • Sub-Saharan Africa’s population, 856 million in 2010, is projected to exceed 2 billion shortly after 2050.
  • More than one in four Africans - close to 218 million people - is undernourished.
  • Two major biases – towards towns rather than rural areas and towards men, not women – have been principal factors in explaining Africa’s food insecurity.
  • African governments spend between 5-10% of their budgets on agriculture, well below the 20% average that Asian governments devoted to the sector during the green revolution there.
  • Women are significant food producers, but their control of land in sub-Saharan Africa is less than in any other region.

@undp

Declaration of Indigenous Peoples of Africa on Sustainable Development and Rio +20

We the representatives of Indigenous Peoples of Africa met in the city of Arusha, United Republic of Tanzania, on 19 April 2012, for a preparatory meeting on sustainable development, to deliberate on the objectives, themes and substantive matters for indigenous peoples to Rio+20;

Committed to the success of the Rio+20 Conference and having as an objective to promote sustainable development focusing on human rights;

Recognising the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ rights;

Taking into Consideration The Malabo African Union General decision to ensure that Africa’s interests on the Green Economy issues within the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication and institutional frameworks for sustainable development are defined and taken into account;

Welcoming the work of the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights and its Working group on indigenous populations/communities and taking its guidance on indigenous peoples as an important indicator for the existence of and the rights of indigenous peoples in Africa;

Taking into consideration the Resolution No. ACHPR/Res153(XLVI)09 on “climate change and human rights and the need to study its impact in Africa”, adopted by the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights, calling for a human rights-based approach to climate change in Africa;

Reaffirming the Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) led African Civil Society Limbe Declaration on Rio+20;

Recognising that the livelihoods of indigenous peoples are under threat in the name of modern development paradigms.

Acknowledging the fact that indigenous peoples’ contribution to the UNCSD/Rio+20 process and its outcome is essential for informed policy formulation and for monitoring of the implementation of its outcomes at all levels;

Reaffirming the need for the Rio+20 process to take a strong human rights-based approach, where the rights of indigenous peoples amongst others are fully recognized, respected and protected;

Acknowledging the fact that the principles, agreements and commitments established in the Rio Declaration of 1992, Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation are still fully in effect, and the need to strengthen the commitments as defined in these agreements in the upcoming Rio+20 Conference;

Confirming our support of and contribution to the development of sustainable development goals, in order to proceed with the design of new development models, made within the framework of the discussions for Rio+20, and that this can become an important tool to focus on goals that ensure the integration of culture and good governance in the three pillars of sustainable development;

Affirming that the rights of people to development imply the recognition of the collective rights of indigenous peoples to overcome poverty, to eliminate inequality and social exclusion, to promote life in harmony with nature, spirituality and culture under the principles of Agenda 21 and other relevant instruments; and the recognition that these rights be implemented in an inclusive and interdependent manner;

Reaffirming the importance of full and effective participation of indigenous peoples in all Rio+20 processes and decision-making;

Concerned by the weakness and or inexistence of legal as well as institutional frameworks for the protection, promotion and respect of indigenous peoples’ rights in Africa;

Deeply Concerned that Indigenous Peoples livelihoods have been compromised by new and emerging challenges; these are increasing water scarcity, biodiversity and ecosystem loss, desertification, low resilience to natural disasters, food crisis, conflict, energy crisis, cultural erosion, infringed intellectual property rights, climate change, land grab and land degradation, which have increased poverty, diseases and impacted negatively on indigenous peoples;

Concerned that Indigenous Peoples’ rights to development and well-being have been limited by the current development models hence calling on governments to allocate resources for the facilitation of the formulation and subsequent implementation of Indigenous Peoples Development Goals (IPDGs);

Taking Into Account the fact that the concept of green economy needs to be defined in the indigenous peoples holistic context; considering indigenous peoples local diverse economies, traditional knowledge and occupations and the importance of safeguards for this concept;

We declare that:

On the Green Economy in the Context of Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication,

1. African Indigenous Peoples continue to challenge the dominant development models that have not contributed to sustainable development, poverty alleviation and the preservation of the environment.

2. Currently the three pillars of sustainable development are “environment”, “economy” and “social”. We strongly believe that the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples should serve as a key framework, which underpins all international and national policies and programmes on sustainable development. Ratification of ILO Convention No.169 on indigenous peoples by African countries is to be considered as further measure to be taken.

3. A sustainable low carbon, equitable economy is not a new concept as it has been practiced by Africas’ Indigenous Peoples for millennia. We therefore call on African states to develop low carbon economies and move to local, national and regional economies which are sustainable, equitable and assist in environmental rehabilitation, resilience and adaptive capacities of Indigenous Peoples.

4. African Indigenous Peoples are determined to contribute by showcasing their good practices of local diverse green economies in Rio and beyond, reflecting traditional knowledge and ways of living, in order to create awareness, and inform and influence policy processes at the national, regional and international levels.

5. As our contribution to sustainable development, we will continue to define our development goals based on our cultural, social and economic knowledge, occupations, practices and technologies.

6. We are repeating our call on African governments to respect the rights of Indigenous Peoples towards Rio+ 20 and beyond, as enshrined in the Convention on Biological Diversity, Agenda 21, the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and ILO Convention No. 169.

7. We further urge governments and regional organizations/financial institutions to allocate resources to enable the capacity building and the full and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples in international, regional and national processes related to the Rio conventions and other sustainable development related dialogues and processes.

On the Institutional Framework for Sustainable Development and Governance,

8. There is an urgent need in strengthening, reforming and integrating the three pillars of sustainable development, inter alia by adding culture as a fourth pillar of sustainable development.

9. We support the position of the African Governments and African Civil Society to strengthen UNEP and transform it into a specialized UN Agency. Its mandate should include the protection and promotion of the rights of the indigenous peoples of the world. In this regard, we further recommend that UNEP adopts a strong policy on Indigenous Peoples.

10. We are in support of the African consensus position on the establishment of Sustainable Development Councils at National level; but with meaningful and effective participation of indigenous peoples. We strongly recommend African States to take into consideration the Resolution on climate change and indigenous peoples adopted by the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights.

11. African states should adopt specific legal frameworks that recognize, protect and promote indigenous peoples as rights-holders, including ratification of ILO Convention No.169 on indigenous peoples.

12. In order to promote conservation of ecosystems, environmental governance in Africa must encourage the recognition of the rights of Indigenous Peoples, which includes the right to access and manage their own land and territories. As key rights holders who have been stewards of natural resources for generations, they must be integrally involved in discussions and decisions concerning their environment.

13. There is a need for the contemporary knowledge, science and technology community and the indigenous knowledge, science and technology community to develop a mutual alignment and synergy in order to feed into research, training and development as well as policy formulation.

14. We are in total support of the African Civil Society call on African Governments to accelerate the implementation of Principle 10 of the Rio 1992 Declaration by first implementing the current UNEP guidelines on this principle with a view to initiate an African Convention on Principle 10.

Done in Arusha, this Nineteenth Day of the Month of April, the Year Two Thousand and Twelve.

For more information contact; 

Mainyoito Pastoralist Integrated Development Organization (MPIDO) 

Marist Lane Off Langata Road, P.O. Box 226 – Kiserian, Kenya 

Tel/Fax: +254 20 882944/50 Cell: 254 723 561 Email: mpido@mpido.org OR soikan.meitiaki@mpido.org 

Africa Programme News and Events February 2012

RESEARCH AND PUBLICATIONS    
  Somalia’s Transition: What Role for Sub-National Entities? 
In 2011 Chatham House held a meeting of policy-makers and opinion-formers from Somalia and its diaspora to discuss the country’s transition at the end of the Transitional Federal Government’s (TFG) mandate in August 2012. This summary, in English and Somali, presents some of the issues raised in the discussion.  
   

Peace, Bread and Land: 
Agricultural Investments in Ethiopia and the Sudans

This briefing paper by Jason Mosley seeks to look beyond simplistic generalizations regarding land investments om the Horn of Africa, whilst drawing out some of the risks such investments may face for investors, local communities and governments.        

     

British Government Consultation on Somalia 
As part of the British Government’s engagement with the Somali diaspora ahead of the Government’s London Conference on Somalia, an invited audience of key thinkers and activists within the UK Somali diaspora will meet UK officials at Chatham House to discuss UK policy. The meeting is an invitation only event, however it will be broadcast live via webstreaming here from 3.00pm on the 8th February. Somalis are welcome to send questions or comments by email which may be put to UK officials on the day using the following addressquestions@chathamhouse.org. Discussion will also be taking place throughout the event on Twitter #LDNSomalia.


    EVENTS  SEE BELOW FOR TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR REGISTRATION AND ENTRY. EXPERTS AND INTERESTED INDIVIDUALS SHOULD CLICK THE LINKS BELOW AND APPLY ONLINE. PLEASE NOTE THAT REGISTRANTS WHO ARRIVE MORE THAN 10 MINUTES LATE FOR AN EVENT WILL NOT BE ADMITTED.
     West Africa and the Resource Curse  Thursday 16 February 2012     
Angola’s Minister for External Relations  Monday 20 February 2012
    Somali Diaspora in Relief, Development and Peace Building Wednesday 07 March 2012        LATEST FROM THE PROGRAMME  

Nigeria in 2012: Crises and Reforms
Speakers analysed recent events including protests and violence and considered implications for Nigeria’s prospects. 


Gender and Political Decision-making in Tanzania
A cross-party group of Tanzanian MPs discussed the challenges and changing political landscape they face in Tanzania.Read more…Read more…

The Developmental Effects of Somali Piracy
This event marked the launch of a new paper by Dr Anja Shortland, which looks at the affects of piracy on the Somali economy.
South Africa: Outcry and Protest 
This article analyses the role of the media in post-apartheid South Africa. Read more…Read more…